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新研究:美国夏天开始吸毒的人更多?

kira86 于2019-08-08发布 l 已有人浏览
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《普通内科学》杂志上的一项新研究称,美国青少年和成人在夏季第一次尝试毒品的可能性更大。

Do More People Start Drugs in the Summer Months?

夏天开始吸毒的人更多?

American teenagers and adults may be more likely to try drugs for the first time during the summer months.

美国青少年和成人在夏季第一次尝试毒品的可能性更大。

That was a finding from a new study. A report on the study was published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

这是一项新研究的发现。该研究报告发表在《普通内科学》杂志上。

In all, 31% of young people and adults who use the drug cannabis tried it for the first time during the summer, the study found.

研究发现,在所有使用大麻的年轻人和成年人?#26657;?#26377;31%的人在夏天第一次尝试大麻。

Summer was also the starting season for around 30% of people who tried the drugs cocaine, LSD and ecstasy.

大约30%的可卡因、迷幻药和摇头丸吸食者也?#38469;?#22312;夏天开始吸食的。

Joseph Palamar is a researcher at the New York University School of Medicine and the lead author of the report. “More research is needed” to identify why summer might be a risk factor for people using drugs for the first time, he said.

约瑟夫·帕拉马尔?#26725;?#32422;大学医学院的一名研究人?#20445;?#20063;是这份报告的第一作者。他表示,“还需要更多的研究”来?#33539;?#20026;什么夏天是人们第一次吸毒的一个危险因素。

Palamar added that the link between the season and drug use “may be related to people having more free time and to warmer weather, which is linked with more outdoor social gatherings.”

帕拉马尔还说,这个季节和吸毒之间的联系“可能与人们有更多的空闲时间和天气更温暖有关,因为这样可以举办更多的户外社交聚会。”

For the study, researchers examined survey data from over 394,000 people. All of them were 12 years of age and older. The information was collected between 2011 and 2017.

在这项研究?#26657;?#30740;究人员的调查数据来自39.4万多人。他们的年龄都在12岁以上。这些信息收集于2011年至2017年之间。

Researchers noted that the study had limitations. One was that people who took the survey may not have remembered exactly when they first tried drugs.

研究人员指出,这项研究有局限性。一是接受调查的人可能不记得他们第一次尝试毒品的?#38750;?#26102;间。

Sharon Levy is the director of the Adolescent Substance Use and Addiction Program at Boston Children’s Hospital in Massachusetts. She was not involved in the study.

莎伦·利维是马萨诸塞州波士顿儿童医院青少年药物使用和成瘾项目的负责人。她没有参与这项研究。

“Drug initiation, and drug use happens all year long, with a relatively small bump in the summer,” she said in an email.

她在一封电子?#22987;?#20013;说:“首次使用毒品和吸毒在全年各个时间都会发生,只有在夏天才会有相对较小的增长。”

While it is important for children to have social time over the summer, parents should not permit activities that they would not allow kids to do during the rest of the year, she wrote.

她写道,虽然孩子在夏天拥有社交时间是非常重要,但父母也不应该?#24066;?#23401;子从事一年当中其余时间不?#24066;?#30340;活动。

“I would also recommend that whenever your kids are going to a party or a concert or to spend time out of the house, that you know where they are, who they are with and what they are planning on doing,” she added.

她还写道:“?#19968;?#24314;议,无论孩子什么时候去参加派对、音乐会或外出,父母都需要知道他们在哪里,和谁在一起,?#32422;八?#20204;打算做什?#30784;?rdquo;

Doctor Levy also suggested that parents should speak very directly with teens before concerts and other events where drug use is common.

利维医生还建议,在参加毒品使用普遍的音乐会?#32422;?#20854;他活动之前,?#39029;?#24212;该非常直接地与青少年交谈。

Children often fail to understand parents “when they say things like ‘don’t do anything dumb,’” Levy said. “The parent means ‘don’t use alcohol or drugs’ but kids often hear ‘don’t drink too much’ or ‘don’t get into trouble’ which are very different things.”

利维说,孩子们常常听不懂父母的话,“当他们说‘不要做傻事’之类的话时。”“父母的意?#38469;?lsquo;不要喝酒或吸毒’,但孩子们经常听到的是‘不要喝太多’或‘不要惹麻烦’,这是两码事。”

I’m John Russell.

约翰·拉塞尔为您播报。

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