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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 28(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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panacea

n. remedy far all diseases 万灵药

The new drug developed by the laboratory is not a panacea for cancer, but it will help in many cases.

实验室所开发出来的新药,并不?#21069;?#30151;的万灵药,但它?#23381;?#22810;病例会有帮助。

pandemonium

n. wild and noisy disorder 喧嚣;大混乱

When the teacher returned to her kindergarten classroom, it was complete pandemonium with children running around and yelling.

当老师回到幼儿园的教室时,那里是一片混乱,孩子们大声喊?#23567;?#36305;来跑去。

Synonym

同义词:racket; tumult; chaos

panorama

n. wide and complete view 全景

Our hotel's rotating dining room offers a panorama of the city as you've never seen before.

本饭店中旋转式的餐厅,能让您看到您前所未见的市区全景。

* rotate

旋转

parallelism

n. state of being parallel; similarity 平行;类似

These two philosophers are always studied together because of the parallelism of their theories.

因为这两位哲学?#19994;?#29702;论类似,所以人们总是一起研究他们。

paranoid

adj. suffering from delusions 患妄想症的

After important records were altered by a computer hacker, Nick grew paranoid that his company would become bankrupt.

在重要的记录被非法入侵电脑者更改之后,尼克变得?#22411;?#24819;症,认为他的公司会破产。

* hacker

非法入侵电脑者

paraphrase

v. to restate in different words 改写

Our teacher asked us to paraphrase Brutus' speech from Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" in modem English.

老师要我们将莎士?#22922;?#30340;剧作厂凯撒大帝」中布?#31243;?#26031;的演说,用现代英文改写。

Synonym

同义词:transcribe

perfunctory

adj. done without care 敷衍的

The police did a perfunctory search of the office, knowing the suspect had escaped long ago.

警方草草地搜一搜办公室,知?#32769;?#29359;早已经?#24188;?#20102;。

Synonym

同义词:cursory; superficial

Antonym

反义词:attentive; assiduous; thorough

perpendicular

adj. at an angle of 90 degrees 垂直的

The perpendicular white cliffs of Dover are one of Britian's most spectacular sights.

多佛陡悄的白色悬崖是英国最壮观的景色之一。

Synonym

同义词:vertical; upright; precipitous

Antonym

反义词:horizontal

posterity

n. person's descendants; future generations (集合名词)后代

Herbert demanded that his grandmother? s handmade quilt not be sold so he could save it for posterity.

赫伯特要求不要将祖母?#36164;?#20570;的棉被卖掉,他要把它耳传给后代。

Synonym

同义词:offspring; progeny; issue

posthumous

adj. coming or happening after death 死后的

The author's posthumous novel sold quickly, as book collectors knew that his last work would one day be valuable.

那位作家死后出版的小说卖得很好,因为藏书家们知道,他的遗作将会很值钱。

Synonym

同义词:post-mortem

precocious

adj. ahead of time 早熟的

 

n. precocity

The child's precocious vocabulary startled his kindergarten teacher.

这个孩子早熟的字汇,使幼儿园老师大为吃惊。

Synonym

同义词:premature; forward

Antonym

反义词:retarded; backward

predilection

n. special liking 偏好

Sean's predilection for traveling to exotic, far-away places led to his decision to become a career tour guide.

西恩?#26434;?#21435;遥远的异乡旅行的偏好,?#39038;?#20915;定成为专业导游。

* exotic

异国风情的

Synonym

同义词:bias; partiality; preference; inclination

prodigal

adj. wasteful; spending too much 挥霍的

Marianna worried that Jeff's prodigal ways would lead to his ruin.

玛丽安娜担心杰夫?#24149;?#38669;会导致他?#24149;?#28781;。

Synonym

同义词:extravagant; spendthrift; profligate

Antonym

反义词:parsimonious; frugal; thrifty

profane

adj. showing contempt for God or holy things 亵渎的

 

v. profane

Ivan's highly religious grandmother considered his refusal to marry in the church as profane.

伊凡的祖母非常虔诚,她认为伊凡拒绝在教堂结婚,是一种亵渎的行为。

Synonym

同义词:sacrilegious; blasphemous

Antonym

反义词:reverent; religious

refraction

n. bending aside, as when a ray of light enters water or glass 折射

 

v. refract

Nora demonstrated refraction by placing a pencil in a glass full of water.

?#36947;?#25226;一支铅笔放在装满水的玻璃杯中,来解释折射的现象。

rejuvenate

v. to make young again 使恢复青春

Many cosmetics companies advertise products that will rejuvenate the skin, although this is physically impossible.

许多化妆品公?#31350;?#30331;产品广告,表示能使皮肤恢复青春,但是就生理上而言, 这是不可能的。

* cosmetic

化妆品

relinquish

v. to give up ?#29260;?/p>

The mayor announced he would relinquish his office if he was found negligent in the restaurant fire.

市长宣布,如果査出他在这次餐厅大火的意外中有?#26507;У幕埃?#20182;就下台。

Synonym

同义词:abandon; renounce; forgo

subservient

adj. 1. assistant 辅助的 2. giving too much respect to 卑屈的

Upper management required our department^ subservient compliance to their demands, no matter how ridiculous.

上级主管要我们部门卑屈地顺从他们的要求,无论要求是多么荒谬。

* compliance

顺从

Synonym

同义词:1 .auxiliary; instrumental 2. servile

Antonym

反义词:2. domineering

subversive

adj. tending to overthrow or destroy 颠覆的

The state deemed his political ideas as subversive and imprisoned him in a hard labor camp for twenty-five years.

政府认为他的政治思想有颠覆的倾向,于是将他关入劳改营达二十五年。

Synonym

同义词:perversive; incendiary; riotous

supercilious

adj. thinking others of little importance; arrogant 目中无?#35828;模?#33258;大的

The son of a rich and important businessman, Thurston took on a supercilious air towards the other students.

身为一位?#25381;星?#20030;足轻重的商人之子,瑟斯顿以目中无?#35828;?#24577;度对待其他同学。

Synonym

同义词:vainglorious; haughty; insolent

Antonym

反义词:meek; unassuming; humble

superimpose

 

 

v. to put one thing on top of something else 置于他物之上;添加

In the movie, "Forrest Gump," computers were used to superimpose the actor's image onto films of dead presidents.

在电影「阿甘正传」里,他们用电脑将演员的影像加入已?#39318;?#32479;的影片?#23567;?/p>

syllogism

 

 

n. reaching a conclusion from two statements 三段论法

A famous example of a syllogism is, "Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, Socrates is mortal."

三段论法最著名的例子是:「苏格拉?#36164;?#20154;,所有人都会死,所以苏格拉底也会死。」

synthesis

n. combination of separate parts 综合;合成

This performance is the synthesis of two different styles of dance, creating a whole new type of dance.

这场表演是综合两种不同风格的舞?#31119;?#21019;造出一种全新的舞蹈。

Synonym

同义词:amalgamation; blend

transfuse

v. to pour from one container to another ?#35889;ⅲ?#28748;输

The toxic liquid was transfused to air-tight containers and then buried.

毒液被注人密闭的容器中,然后掩埋起?#30784;?/p>

transparent

adj. able to be seen through 透明的

The petals of the flower were so delicate that they were almost transparent.

那朵花?#24149;?#29923;非常纤?#31119;?#20960;乎是透明的。

Synonym

同义词:diaphanous; transpicuous; crystalline

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